Short-Term Rental Host Tax Compliance

A guide for local governments looking to manage or monetize their transient rental market.

Local governments are tasked with more than ever these days—often with tighter budgets and fewer employees. That’s why it's critical to keep up with growing market segments and secure additional revenues incrementally. Like the booming short-term rental industry. Whether your community has just a few listings today—or a few thousand—you need to take a long-term view at how to monitor short-term rentals in your community and collect taxes and fees from hosts.

What is considered a short-term rental?

What exactly is a short-term rental? Local ordinances may have specific definitions particular to that area; however, short-term rentals are generally defined as furnished units that are available for short periods of time, from just a day to a month.

However, short-term rentals take many forms across the world, such as a spare bedroom in an owner-occupied home, an entire apartment or home, or alternate accommodations such as yurts, treehouses, Airstream trailers, tiny homes, and more.

In addition to “short-term rental,” these accommodations go by many terms—and so do applicable taxes. Also knows as transient rentals, vacation rentals, and, most recently, condotels, short-term rental properties generate taxes and fees known as transient occupancy tax (TOT), transient tax, short-term rental tax, or fall under standard hotel-motel tax. Read about these short-term rental ordinances in the news.

Key statistics local leaders should know

Airbnb recently polled more than 1,000 Americans as to their 2021 travel plans, especially now that vaccines are becoming more and more available. According to this winter/spring 2021 report, Americans will likely be hitting the road this year with more confidence than last year, but still abundant caution. Read our five key takeaways from this new survey.

Local governments needs to understand the scope of the national vacation rental market so they can be proactive in their compliance approach. Here are some key statistics:

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Did you know? Many short-term rental administration platforms fail to pay taxes on behalf of their hosts.

How to regulate short-term rentals: core challenges for local governments

If you don’t understand the short-term rental market, you can’t manage or monetize. Let’s dive deeper and take a look at obstacles local governments face when it comes to monitoring a community's short-term rental industry.

  • Short on staff: Budgets are tight and each employee is already stretched thin. Some communities utilize data analysts to find short-term rentals, others utilize code-compliance officers, but many rely on neighborhood complaints or even first-responder reports.
  • Irregular borders: Many communities have complicated borders, sometimes due to geography, annexation, or other factors. Unusual borders make it easy to miss addresses.
  • Marketplaces don’t turn over records. You can’t just call up these providers and ask for a list of short-term rentals in your community. Nope. Employees need to comb through records, export data, compare it to deeds, online maps, etc. It’s just not very easy.
  • There’s just so many platforms to track. Dozens of providers are active in communities across America, from Airbnb to HomeAway to vrbo. More pop up every day. Even if your community only has a few at play, there can be hundreds or thousands of listings to sort through, verify, and track. 

According to a recent report released by Airbnb, the company is starting to see some distinct changes in how Americans are vacationing that it predicts will extend will into 2021. Read about what your community should do to prepare for a boost in short-term rentals and download the guide.

A recent shift in short-term rental trends is creating opportunities for smaller municipalities to market themselves and —as well as the need to manage increased demands from short-term rental hosts and guests. Check out these tips for how municipalities should prepare and react.

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Identifying gaps: the importance of revenue reviews

Read on to see what revenue reviews—or compliance audits—can do for your city’s finances and your business community.

  • Many cities really don’t know the size of their short-term rental market. Many of our clients think they only have a few short-term rentals or hosts; however, a revenue review often turns up additional listings—sometimes hundreds.
  • Revenue reviews help uncover money that a municipality is rightfully owed. These should be conducted frequently, so as to facilitate a more stable tax revenue to your community’s coffers.
  • What if most of your short-term rental hosts/platforms are paying taxes, but others aren’t? That’s not fair to those businesses in compliance—and it certainly isn’t fair to taxpayers. But revenue reviews uncover unpaid taxes and help bring tax scofflaws into compliance. That levels the playing field for everyone.
  • Grow new tax revenue and support local property owners. Monitoring doesn't mean that your government wants to kill a growing industry like short-term rental. It's about creating a clear ordinance without loopholes that can be exploited by big companies, connecting hosts with online resources to pay quickly taxes and fees, and offer residents a voice as to what's happening in their community.

Get started with short-term rental monitoring

Localgov's parent company, Azavar, has more than 25 years of experience with comprehensive compliance audits for municipalities. Learn how Azavar's revenue discovery system has brought home more than $500 million to 400+ communities across the United States.

Read now: A real-life compliance success story from Hudson, New York

Hudson, New York is a favorite destination of New York City residents. As a result, the short-term rental market has boomed. But keeping up with the listings, and making sure all hosts were following local laws? That was a major challenge for city leaders. A compliance audit uncovered dozens of properties out of compliance, to the tune of $30K each year, and connected its management with actionable data.

>> Read the full case study here.


Once we started looking, we realized that we probably had many more short-term rental properties than we knew about.”
—Brenda Hurst, Chief Fiscal Officer, Erie County, Ohio


More than ever, it’s important for local governments of all sizes to proactively manage its transient rental market. Whether or not your community experiences a boom in travel, this sector requires oversight, management, and monetization.

But many governments lack in-house resources to develop and refine ordinances, monitor listings and remittances, and provide the kind of online registration and payment tools to ensure quick payment by hosts. Take a look at these communities growing their TOT revenue and learn how they took control over their vacation-rental market.

Achieving tax compliance

What does tax compliance really mean? Simply put: it's making sure laws are followed and applicable taxes and fees are paid. Sounds easy, but city finance directors know that achieving 100% host compliance is the goal—and a challenge.

After adding an ordinance, it's important to conduct regular compliance audits aka revenue reviews. Then, a community is well-positioned to realize 100% tax compliance—on short-term rental taxes or any other tax. This method is universally applicable to any remittances paid to a local government.

Here’s how municipalities should work toward total tax compliance for all taxpayers, from single-unit hosts to larger hospitality groups and even short-term rental platforms.

  • Make it easy—on taxpayers and your team: Some municipalities still require hosts to file paper forms and mail in checks. This is a hassle for the taxpayer, and takes up valuable time from staff members who could probably be utilized in more high-value activities.
  • Add a robust tax and fee administration platform:  We are all used to paying bills online, even filing state and federal taxes online. It’s just what we do now. Go online to get the paper out of the process. Already have a digital tax payment system? Ask yourself—and the users—just how user-friendly it is. If you hear complaints about how clunky it is, get frequent calls requesting help from users, or are struggling with low compliance, your tool is likely a big part of the problem. Learn about Localgov.
  • Choose the right partner: Local governments should find a revenue-management solution specifically tailored for the needs of local governments. Not all partners understand the key challenges municipalities face, from budgets to staff to technology and integration needs.
  • Offer taxpayer support on their terms: Many business owners—especially small-business owners—catch up with paperwork during off hours when your offices aren’t open. Your technology vendor should augment your staff time by offering its own customer-service solution featuring evening and weekend support.

Host compliance happens when taxpayers comply with your laws. Sounds simple. But it takes a closed loop of clear laws, revenue reviews, and smart administration to reach 100%. 

Short-term rental administration made easy

Part of our approach to revenue management for local governments includes our comprehensive tax-and-fee collection and accountability solution that helps hosts register rentals, pay taxes, and get in compliance quickly.

  • Easy-to-use, consumer-friendly online platform that handles short-term rental registrations and renewals as well as tax payments.
  • Hosts can get in compliance with your laws on their terms—such as offering multiple secure payment options including ACH/electronic check, credit or debit card. No more mailing in paper forms and checks.
  • Municipalities gain a steadier stream of tax payments. By making it easy to pay, hosts do pay. Plus, in facilitating online payments, Localgov gets communities almost-instant access to funds—no more waiting weeks for checks to come in the mail and clear.

Learn about our short-term rental tax-administration solution.

Plus, Localgov offers Concierge Customer Service for local governments and short-term rental hosts.

  • Access to live representatives during extended business hours, and 24-hour coverage.
  • Management of nuisance-reporting hotlines where consumers can alert communities to challenging short-term rental properties.
  • Personalized assistance for short-term rental hosts who need help switching to a new system.
  • Takes the load off municipal employees who would have traditionally provided customer-service tasks and frees up their time for more high-impact activities.

Localgov is a great way for governments to provide a user-friendly technology solution that saves taxpayers time and effort—while also helping ensure total tax compliance.

Interested? Learn more about Localgov and set up a demo.


I can't tell you how much I appreciate a call from a 'live person.' I look forward to filing my monthly taxes online.”
— Claudius Edmond Huggins Jr., Short-term rental host, Sunset Beach, NC


Manage & maximize your short-term rental market

Get started with our revenue discovery system for municipalities. 

Schedule a demo today

We are excited to learn about your community's short-term rental market and your tax-compliance challenges. Let's talk—at your convenience—about how our team can help you nurture this growing market segment and secure additional revenue for your local government. Schedule your Localgov short-term rental administration demo today.